Stem cells are non-specialized cells characterized by unlimited proliferation potential and the unique ability to differentiate into the specialized cells of which tissues and organs are made.
Umbilical cord blood contains stem cells in the youngest and most potent form. These cells are not specialized and have a high proliferative potential in addition to the ability to differentiate the cells that compose the blood and its components. These cells – called “hematopoietic” – can be used therapeutically to treat blood-lymphatic disorders.
The only circumstances in which these precious cells, which have the ability to self-renew can be obtained, is at the time of a baby’s birth.
Later, they can also be taken from the bone marrow but not without inferior therapeutic results.