Adipose stem cells (ADSCs) are mesenchymal stem cells, i.e. multipotent cells that can generate many different cell types – from adipose tissue to cartilage, including bones, tendons, ligaments, muscles, blood vessels, the nervous system and more.
They can be isolated from the so-called stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and then multiplied in a clean room. Cell expansion makes it possible to produce large quantities of stem cells, for clinical applications, even from small samples of adipose tissue.
Adipose tissue is the main source of mesenchymal stem cells because it contains a high concentration of them and therefore avoids the removal of large quantities of fat (20 cc of fat is enough to obtain, after expansion, the necessary quantity of cells for a treatment).