Ensuring the well-being of the microbiota – the set of microbes that live on the surface and in the body – helps to stay healthy.
What is the microbiota?
MICROBIOME and MICROBIOTA
The organism is not a sterile environment: both on its surface and inside, a great variety of microbes are present, with which it coexists peacefully.
These microbes (bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses) help determine the health condition. Together they are called microbiota and include 100 trillion (billions of billions) bacteria. The whole genome of all these microorganisms is known as the microbiome.
INTESTINAL and VAGINAL MICROBIOTA
The human microbiota lives in different parts of the body: in the oral cavity, in the stomach, in the small intestine and in the colon; in the ears; in the nose and lungs; in the urinary tract; in the vagina and also on the skin.
When we talk about the gut microbiota, we refer in particular to the microbes that live in the gut, a community that is about 10 times more abundant than the human cells of the body and whose genome (the gut microbiome) contains 100 times more genes than the human genome.
This community, also known as “intestinal flora”, is concentrated mainly in the colon, where 100 billion bacteria are found in every gram of intestinal content.
The set of microbes that live in the vagina is called the vaginal microbiota. Their genome is the vaginal microbiome.
Illustration of the human body with the predominant bacteria in the different body areas
Why it is important to monitor the microbiota?
The microbiota acts as a shield against pathogens that could invade the skin, mouth, digestive tract, and vagina.
Its robustness affects the health condition. In particular, the intestinal microbiota is a fundamental element for the development of the immune system and immunotolerance (the ability not to react against harmless elements). It also plays an important role in the digestion and absorption of some food components (fibers and minerals), in the synthesis of some vitamins and amino acids, in the production of substances that regulate immune and metabolic responses, in the detoxification of potentially harmful substances (including carcinogens) and in the inactivation of some drugs.
In some situations, however, pathogens can take over, proliferating to the point of triggering disorders even outside the digestive system, such as urinary tract infections or bacterial vaginosis.
These and other dysbioses (microbiota alterations) characterize both acute inflammations of the gastrointestinal tract and other conditions associated with inflammation, including so-called inflammaging (inflammation associated with aging).
The MICROBALANCE prevention program is indicated in case of:
- intestinal problems (colitis, recurrent diarrhea, constipation, flatulence, intestinal irregularity): to verify the involvement of the bacterial flora and choose the most suitable therapy
- genitourinary infections (cystitis, urethritis, vaginitis, candidiasis): to evaluate the role of intestinal and vaginal microbes and identify effective treatments to prevent recurrence
- pregnancy and breastfeeding: to ensure adequate bacterial flora for mother and baby
- menopause: to cope with metabolic and physiological changes while maintaining an adequate microbiota
- risk factors for intestinal or systemic diseases: for a targeted approach to prevention
- nutritional or pharmacological treatments aimed at restoring the balance of the microbiota: to monitor the effectiveness of the treatments.
- prevention: to develop, at any age, personalized food plans to ensure an adequate microbiota profile
Microbiota and health conditions
Everyone’s microbiota composition is unique, and some profiles have been associated with improved health conditions.
Microbiome analysis can help promote good health condition and prevent or address intestinal (for example, recurrent colitis or diarrhea) or systemic (such as obesity and metabolic syndrome) diseases.
Main diseases associated with alterations of the microbiota
How the test is performed
With MICROBALANCE, it is possible to carry out the microbiome analysis by sequencing the genes of the microbes living in the intestine and vagina through the modern technology of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS).
The collection of the necessary material can be carried out comfortably at home using the kit provided by the Bioscience Institute.
The profile obtained from the sequencing does not represent the diagnosis of a disease but makes it possible, with the advice of qualified doctors and nutritionists, to set up a food plan to correct any imbalance in the microbiota and to evaluate the value of taking specific food supplements.
Request the kit to perform the MICROBALANCE test. You will discover the condition of your microbiota and you can take action to correct any imbalance.
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